free counters

Toplam Sayfa Görüntüleme Sayısı

16 Mart 2010 Salı

The Monk Seal Loses a Tireless Campaigner and an Influential Friend

The Monk Seal Loses a Tireless Campaigner and an Influential Friend Link to the original text

Cem O. Kiraç and Ilksen D. Bas
SAD-AFAG, Turkey
Copyright © 1999 Cem O. Kiraç and Ilksen D. Bas, The Monachus Guardian. All Rights Reserved

Professor Bahtiye Mursaloglu, who pioneered scientific research and conservation studies on the endangered Mediterranean monk seal in Turkey, died on 8 February 1999 in Ankara.

Mursaloglu was born in 1918 in Bolu, Turkey, the fourth of five daughters of a farmer and hunter. Her father had always expected his wife to bear him a son, and after having three daughters in succession, he was sure his wish would finally be fulfilled. He therefore decided upon the boy’s name ‘Bahtiyar’ which means ‘happy’ in Turkish, but after another daughter was delivered, her father, with some desperation, changed the name into ‘Bahtiye’, given to girls. As young Bahtiye grew, her father became increasingly proud of her, and of her accomplishments in life. After completing primary and high schools in Bolu and Istanbul respectively, where she consistently achieved high grades, Mursaloglu embarked upon a scientific career in agriculture. In 1935 she enrolled in the Ankara Advanced Agriculture Institute and graduated with honours in 1939. She continued her academic studies at the same Institute until 1942, and then embarked upon her first zoological research as an assistant in the Zoology Department, where she received her Ph.D. on mole rats (Spalax) in 1947. Mursaloglu was then transferred to the newly established Zoology Department of the Science Faculty of Ankara University, where she was appointed as an Associate Professor in 1951. She continued her post-doctorate studies in Kansas University, USA with Prof. E.R. Hall for a period of 18 months in 1960-61. Meanwhile, in the early 1960s, she started her first studies of the Mediterranean monk seal in Turkey, examining and taxonomically comparing, five dead and living specimens from Zonguldak (Black Sea), Canakkale (Aegean), Mersin (Mediterranean) and Ankara Zoo. Her conclusion that the species was Monachus monachus is considered the first scientific confirmation of the occurrence of Mediterranean monk seals on Turkish coasts.

In 1965, she achieved her professorship at Ankara University with her study of the Asia Minor souslik, Citellus turcicus. She continued her studies at Kansas University with a Fullbright Scholarship, and received her full professorship there in 1965-66. At the British Natural History Museum in London in 1974, she made comparative research studies on Rodentia that had been collected in Turkey. She retired from the Ankara University Science Faculty in 1989.

Mursaloglu relaunched her studies on Mediterranean monk seals in March 1979, and for 14 years – sometimes on her own and sometimes with the help of assistants – carried out field surveys and in situ research along Turkish coasts, ranging from in-cave behavioural observations to interviews in fishing communities. For most of her research she depended upon her own private funds and equipment, although she sometimes received the support of Turkish organizations – such as the Turkish Scientific and Technical Research Council (TUBITAK), Ankara University and the Society for Protection of Turkey’s Nature (TTKD) – and also international bodies, such as WWF and IUCN. She always suffered from insufficient finance and equipment, as well as a lack of interested biologists to assist her in her field studies of Mediterranean monk seals. Mursaloglu’s only daughter, Ms. Burcin Erol, acted as one of her assistants, and also helped her mother in organizing the Third International Monk Seal Conference.

During the second phase of her research, she became the first scientist to conduct systematic observations inside a monk seal cave, in the Izmir region. Between June 1980 and February 1981, this research was carried out day and night under arduous and dangerous conditions. The cave was inhabited regularly or at intervals by seven monk seals, allowing Mursaloglu to record her groundbreaking observations of mother-pup relations in a long-term study.

Her recording of a monk seal pup’s interaction with its mother and environment – including its cave habitat, the sea, other seals and humans – provided, for the first time, valuable information on these issues to scientists and conservationists. More depressingly, Mursaloglu also had the opportunity to observe firsthand, the changing fortunes of the species along Turkish coasts. When she returned to the same cave in the early 1990s, for example, she could find only a single seal (Mursaloglu, pers. comm., 1993), despite its remoteness from human activity. She had long realized, both as an academic and as a first-hand witness, how monk seals were declining day by day along Turkish coasts. She put great effort into publicising the plight of the species and its importance to Turkey with articles and news reports based on her studies. She also convened the Third International Monk Seal Conference, held in Antalya in November 1987.

In September of the same year, Mursaloglu granted us our first interview, and at her office in Ankara University, she began to introduce us to her wide knowledge and field experience of monk seals. From that point up until her death, she became a trusted advisor of AFAG, and also provided expert advice during meetings of the Turkish National Monk Seal Committee. Our informal meetings mainly took place in the ‘Monk’s Vineyard’, an old and small green park, located near her house in Ankara. During these long discussions over tea, she’d chat with us about her monk seal field work, providing detailed insights into her methods and findings, and the serious obstacles she had faced. She also reminisced about the early years of her life when the Turkish Republic was being born, and how Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey, had impressed her and others among her generation, boosting their studies in science.

She tended to be rather selective in her scientific collaborations with others, and preferred to work with Turkish conservationists. In 1997, as her final contribution to such efforts, she acted as scientific advisor to AFAG’s UNDP-GEF-funded project, Status of the Mediterranean Monk Seal along the Central Black Sea Coasts of Turkey.

Her concern and sensitivity towards monk seals, and especially pups, contrasted markedly with her dauntless reputation. A couple of times during our meetings at the Monk’s Vineyard, she told us of an incident involving a seal pup and herself, that took place during her study into mother-pup relations on the Aegean coast. She saw the pup on a pebble beach in a remote corner of the cave, while its mother and other seals were absent. The pup, apparently hungry and wanting to suckle, started to cry, and Mursaloglu looked on with pity. Though successfully resisting the temptation to hold and touch the animal, the pup realized her presence in the cave and started to move towards her.

Reluctantly, she repelled the pup with a stick, trying to give the message that all young monk seals must learn if they are to survive: "baby, don’t approach humans, you will be hurt or killed..." The pup kept its distance from Mursaloglu, at first crying but then falling asleep (Bahtiye Mursaloglu, pers. comm., 1991). Her story was vivid and told with great emotion. It was almost as if we were in the cave together as she faced this dilemma with the pup.

To Mursaloglu, habitat protection was perhaps the greatest issue at stake in the survival of the Mediterranean monk seal. In her article, How To Save the Monk Seal, she wrote:

"Today, the enemy of monk seals is not only the fishermen, but all those who invade and ruin their habitats… Finally, I wonder where we should put the monk seals that have been removed from their natural habitat, and are being kept in some aquarium, if they happen to have success in reproduction – what shall we do with these poor creatures whose habitats have already been almost completely ruined? Why are we trying to breed them in captivity instead of trying to help them to breed in their own natural, undisturbed habitats, where they are still leading a natural life today?"

Apart from her accomplishments in zoology, Mursaloglu was also a serious and successful sportswoman. During the 1942-1952 period, she won the Turkish shooting championship, and also became a national champion in skiing several times. As a national tennis champion, she also represented Turkey on more than 60 occasions in the international games. In 1951, she was invited to Paris for an international tennis tournament, where she was ranked third.

She spoke English, German and French. She was a member of the Mammalogy Society of the USA, the Society for the Protection of Turkey’s Nature (TTKD), and the Turkish Society for Biology. She won the annual ‘Researcher Performance Prize’ in 1996, awarded by the Turkish Underwater Research Society (SAD).

Prof. Bahtiye Mursaloglu’s advice, her field research, published papers and other conservation initiatives were an inspiration to us in forming AFAG in 1987. She will always be remembered in our minds as the perfect example of a dedicated scientist and monk seal conservationist.

Personal Views
My first meeting with Dr. Baytihe Mursaloglu was around a swimming pool in Istanbul, where we were discussing the pitiful status of Monachus monachus. I had just completed an intensive survey of all the Dodecanese and she had discovered some suitable caves on the Turkish coast. I was immediately impressed by her intense desire to "do something for the species" and her drive to achieve that end. We went swimming to cool off from the August heat, and in the water she had all the power and grace of a seal.

Later, we met in Rhodes at the First International Conference on Monachus. Her individual drive had led her to start a behavioural experiment that demanded intense physical activity and a dangerous trip along the sea cliffs. I joined her on one of these expeditions, and here again we were working above and in the water under difficult conditions.

Our third encounter was under very different circumstances. Although we again met at an Istanbul pool, we were planning to approach one of the city’s most wealthy industrialists. Once again, the Mursaloglu drive was at full pitch, and we achieved the support she needed.

My memories of her are still clear. Professor Mursaloglu was totally committed to conserving the highly endangered Mediterranean monk seal. She, and a few others, formed the skeleton of what has grown into a much larger body dedicated to the seal’s survival. It should also not be forgotten that the scientific backbone of Turkish conservation was initially hers.

She lived in a water-world. She will be missed, and yet her inspiration to other Turkish scientists will hopefully mean that her energy and accomplishments are not lost.

Professor Keith Ronald
Co-chairman, 1st & 2nd International Conference on the Mediterranean Monk Seal

Bahtiye Mursaloglu took a tough approach in tackling the sad plight of her beloved monk seals. Instead of only sympathising with their fate and studying them for the sake of science, she made herself one of them and became the speaker of their rights in the human world.

She was our natural role model. We, the younger generation, always admired her positive mind. She encouraged us to persevere, and most important of all, she inspired us, helping us to pull ourselves together when we were sad or demoralised.

We have lost a friend. But what reassures us is that, before she died, she knew that her ideals for a better world were in good hands. She believed in us as we believed in her. She will stay in our hearts forever, and we will keep carrying the light she started so long ago...

Cem O. Kiraç & Ilksen D. Bas

Monk Seal Publications by Bahtiye Mursaloglu

1964. Occurrence of the Monk Seal on the Turkish Coasts, Journal of Mammalogy 45(2), pp. 316-317. May 20, 1964, Baltimore, USA.
1980. The Recent Status and Distribution of Turkish Furbearers. Proceedings of the Worldwide Furbearer Conference, Frostburg, Maryland, 1980. pp. 86-94.
1980. Kiyilarimizdaki foklarin Monachus monachus bugünkü durumlari (The current status of monk seal Monachus monachus on our coasts). Proceedings of TUBITAK. Sixth Science Congress, p. 83-92 (in Turkish).
1981. Ayibaliginda Monachus monachus Yavru-ana-çevre Iliskileri (Pup-mother-environment relation in the Mediterranean Monk Seal Monachus monachus), Abstract. Proceedings of National Marine and Freshwater Research Congress, p.40 (in Turkish).
1982. Türkiye Deniz Memelileri (Marine Mammals in Turkey), Proceedings of TUBITAK Seventh Science Congress, 6 October 1980. pp. 241-244 (in Turkish).
1984a. The Mediterranean Seals, Newspot Turkish Digest, p.8, 20 April 1984, Ankara.
1984b. The Monk Seal Conservation in Turkey, WWF Monthly report, pp.97-100. May 1984.
1984c. The Survival of Mediterranean Monk Seal Monachus monachus pup on Turkish coast, Proceedings of the Second International Monk Seal Conference, 5-6 October, La Rochelle, France, pp. 41-47.
1984d. Ege Kiyilarinda Son Akdeniz Foklarinin Monachus monachus Yasama Sanslari. (The Survival Chance of the Last Monk Seals on Aegean Coasts). Symposium on Conservation of the Aegean Sea and Related Coasts, 28-29 November 1984, Izmir. (in Turkish).
1986. Pup-Mother-Environment Relations in the Mediterranean Monk Seal, Monachus monachus (Hermann, 1779), on Turkish Coasts. Commun. Fac. Sci. Univ. Ankara. Ser. C.5:4. pp. 1-8.
1988. How to Save the Monk Seal, Commun. Fac. Sci. Univ. Ankara, Series C. Vol.6, pp.227-233.
1992. Biology and Distribution of the Mediterranean Monk Seal Monachus monachus on Turkish Coasts, Council of Europe Conservation of the Mediterranean Monk Seal, Technical and Scientific Aspects. Antalya, Turkey. May 1991, pp. 54-57.

Prof Dr. Bahtiye Mursaloglu's Land Rover 4x4 used during almost all her research studies has been donated to SAD-AFAG to commemorate the research done by her and to serve the research and conservation efforts still carried out for the monk seals conducted by the foundation.

The legendary 1969-model Land Rover Link to the original text

7 Mart 2010 Pazar




Adı Bahtiye Kollu idi..
1918 yılında Bolu’da doğmuştu.

1935 yılında, onyedi yaşında Ankara’ya geldiğinde, düşündüğü tek şey, ilkokul, ortaokul ve lise gibi Yüksek Ziraat Enstitüsü’nü de birincilikle bitirmekti. Hem ruhu, hem de bedeni spora çok yatkındı ama teniste Türkiye Şampiyonlukları alacağını, Türk sporunun en başarılı kadın sporcularından biri olacağını o yıllarda aklının ucundan bile geçiremiyordu.

Ankara’da spor yapma olanakları kısıtlıydı. Ancak, Yüksek Ziraat Enstitüsü farklı bir okuldu. Eğitim sırasında, spor kültürüne, sporun bir yaşam tarzı olmasına büyük önem veriliyordu. 1933 yılında Yüksek Ziraat Enstitüsü açıldığında, öğretim üyelerinin tümünü Alman profesörler oluşturuyordu. Okulda son derece disiplinli bir eğitim uygulanıyordu. Spor etkinlikleri, doğrudan doğruya rektörlüğe bağlı bir “Beden Terbiyesi Enstitüsü” tarafından yönetilmekteydi. Sporla ilgili derslerin çoğu, Alman Rektör Herbert Riedel tarafından veriliyordu. 4 yıl boyunca, haftada en az iki saat spor derslerine ve uygulamalarına katılmak gerekiyordu. Bu derslerden geçer not alamayanlara diploma verilmiyordu.

Bahtiye hanım, hem derslerinde, hem de spor etkinliklerinde okul standartlarının üzerinde başarılar gösteriyordu. İlkbaharla birlikte tenis oynuyor, ata biniyor, kış aylarında ise kapalı kort olmadığı için kış sporları yapıyordu.

Bahtiye hanım, okuldaki Alman hocalarla tenis oynayarak vuruşlarını geliştiriyor ve Almanya’dan getirttiği kitaplardan da teorik bilgiler ediniyordu. İstanbul Erenköy Kız Lisesi’nde Fransızca öğrenen Bahtiye hanım, Yüksek Ziraat Enstitüsü’nde de Almanca ve İngilizce öğreniyordu.

Bahtiye hanıma, ablalarının ve kardeşinin de yardımıyla tenis kıyafetleri dikildi. Bu arada, okuldan arkadaşı Rauf bey ile evlenen Bahtiye hanım, Musluoğlu soyadını aldı. Bu soyadı ile ünlenecek Bahtiye Musluoğlu ve eşinin en büyük zevkleri, boş zamanlarında birlikte spor yapmaktı.

1939 yılında Yüksek Ziraat Enstitüsü’nden mezun olan Bahtiye hanım, tenis turnuvalarına daha çok zaman ayırmaya başladı. İlk başarısını da 1941 yılında Ankara Bölge birincisi olarak aldı. Bahtiye Musluoğlu, 12 yılda 10 kez Ankara birincisi oldu. Karışık çiftlerde ise , Fehmi Kızıl, Celasin Lüy, Vedat Abut, Şefik Fenmen, Suat Baykurt, Engin Balaş ve Erol Bolel ile 9 yılda toplam 8 kez birincilik kupası aldı.

Musluoğlu, tenis oynadığı yıllarda, Ankara’da rakipsizdi. Çoğu kez, antrenmanlarını bile erkek tenisçiler ile yapıyordu.

Türkiye şampiyonalarında ise durum farklıydı.

1940’lı yılların başından itibaren, kadınlarda tenisin yenilmez ismi Mualla Gorodetzky idi.

Bahtiye Musluoğlu, Türkiye Birinciliğinde yıllarca Mualla Gorodetsky ile final mücadelesi yaptı. 1947 yılına kadar, Türkiye Birincisi Gorodetzky idi.

Musluoğlu, ilk Türkiye Birinciliği’ni, 1948 yılında kazandı. Erkeklerde, Türkiye Birinciliği’nin Fehmi Kızıl, Şefik Fenmen, Enes Talay, Suzan Gürel ve Nazmi Bari arasında el değiştirdiği yıllarda, kadınlar şampiyonluğunda Bahtiye Musluoğlu rakipsizdi. Musluoğlu, 5 Türkiye Birinciliğinden ikisini, finalde Gorodetzky’i, diğerlerinde Gönül Erk, İfakat Mergen ve G.Gönenç’i yenerek elde etti.

Bahtiye Musluoğlu, Türkiye Birinciliğinde karışık çiftlerde de 4 şampiyonluk kazandı. 1948 ve 1950 yıllarında Enes Talay ile, 1951’de Suat Baykurt ile, 1952’de de Engin Balaş ile şampiyon oldular.

Turnuvalara, 1947 yılından itibaren, doktor unvanını alan bir akademisyen olarak katılan Musluoğlu, İstanbul Enternasyonal Tenis Turnuvası’nda şampiyon olan ilk Türk tenisçi olma başarısını gösterdi. Bahtiye Musluoğlu, 1947 yılında, teklerde şampiyon olurken, karışık çiftlerde de Mısır’lı Coen ile birinci oldu.

Musluoğlu’nun, İstanbul’da tanınmış İngiliz oyuncular Curry ve Scott’u, İtalyan Manfred’i yenişi, popülaritesini arttırdı.

Bahtiye hanım, yalnız teniste değil, kayakta da Türkiye Birinciliklerine imza attı. Binicilik, atıcılık, buz pateni, hokey, yaptığı sporlardandı.

Musluoğlu, 13 yıl süren ilk evliliğinden sonra, 1953 yılında ikinci evliliğini yaptı ve sonra da tenise veda etti.

Rıfat Mursaloğlu ile yaptığı ikinci evliliğinden bir kız çocuğu olan Bahtiye hanım, 1965 yılında Fen Fakültesi’nde profesör oldu. 1953 yılından sonra akademik çalışmalarına ağırlık veren Mursaloğlu, çeşitli idari görevlerde bulundu, çeşitli projelerde çalıştı.

Bahtiye Mursaloğlu, akademik çalışmalarının yanı sıra, Musluoğlu soyadıyla Türk Spor Tarihi’nin unutulmazları arasında yer alarak 1999 yılında hayata veda etti.

orijinal yazı için

Ateşli silahlar atış, Kayak birincilikleri Buz Hokeyi, Buz pateni

During the period 1942-1952, she held the 1st place in championships of shooting competitions with firearms held in Turkey. She has won many championship cups of Womens skiing of Turkey and has represented Turkey twice in international championships. As Bahtiye Musluoğlu she was the first national skiing sportswoman of Turkey.

1942-1952 Ateşli silahlar atış musabakasında Türkiye Birinciliği aldı, pek cok kez Türkiye Bayanlar Kayak birincisi oldu ve iki kez uluslar arası kayak yarışlarında Türkiye'yi temsil etti. Bahtiye Musluoğlu adı ile ilk Türk milli bayan kayak sporcusu olarak temsil etmiştir.


Türkiye bayanlar tenis birincisi olarak 60 kereden fazla uluslararası yarışmalarda Türkiyeyi temsil etti. 1951 de Paris'e davet edildi ve Dünya üçüncüsü oldu. bunu takiben Londra -Tokyo arasındaki başşehirlerde yapılacak maçlar için dünyadan seçilen 6 bayan tenisçi arasında yer aldı.

As the champion of Women's cup of Turkey, she has represented Turkey on over 60 occasions in international tournaments. In 1951 she has been invited to Paris and has been acknowledged as the Worldwide 3rd ranking woman tennis player. Following this event she was amongst the 6 woman tennis players that had been nominated and selected for the matches that were to be held in capitals London-Tokyo.

Full CV and American Society of Mammalogy 1960

Ziraat fakültesi önünde Renault 4CV arabası ile

October 4 1960 Museum of Natural History The university of Kansas U.S.A 
Left to right: Jose Alvarez S. Bahtiye Mursaloglu,  J. Kmax Jones.Jn. , E. Reynold Hall

Asistan Irfan Albayrak, . Dr. Bahtiye Mursaloglu, Asistan Metin Aktaş

Prof Dr Bahtiye Mursaloğlu
Kendi Elinden Özgeçmişi
Full CV from her own pen
1918 Bolu’da doğdu
1925-30 Bolu,Gazipaþa ilkokulu’ndan birincilikle mezun oldu
1930-33 Bolu Ortaokulunu birincilikle bitirdi
1933-35 istanbul,Erenköy Lisesi fen bölümünü birincilikle bitirdi
1935-39 Ankara Yüksek Ziraat Enstitüleri’ni dördüncülükle bitirerek Yüksek
Ziraat Mühendisi oldu
1939-42 Ankara Tohum Islah Enstitüsü’nde Türkiye savaşa girdiği takdirde
üretimi yürütmek üzere görevli olarak çalıştı
1942 Yüksek Ziraat Enstitüleri,Zooloji Kürsüsüne asistan olarak girdi
1947 Körfareler üzerine yaptığı tez ile Zooloji Kürsüsünde dortorasını aldı
1950 Almanca Devlet Lisan sınavını en iyi not alan iki kişiden biri olarak
1951 Ankara Üniversitesi,Fen Fakültesi ,Zooloji Kürsüsü’nün kuruluğu ile bu
kürsüye nakledildi ve Doçentlik payesini aldı
1960-61 Kansas Üniversitesi,Lawrence Kansas, ABD’de Prof.Dr E.R. Hall’ýn
yanında 18 ay süre ile doktora sonrasý araþtırma ve yayınlar yaptı
1965 Ankara Üniversitesi, Zooloji Kürsüsü’nde Citellus turcicus lar üzerine
hazırladığı çalıþma ile profesör oldu
1965-66 Fulbright bursiyeri olarak Kansas Üniversitesi,Lawrence ,Kansas,
ABD’de 15 ay süre ile çalışmalarını sürdürdü
1966 Kansas Üniversitesi,Lawrence, Kansas ABD’de “full profesörlük” verildi
1974 5 ay süre ile British Museum,Natural History,Londra İngiltere’de Türkiye’den topladığı örneklerle karşılaştırmalı çalışmalar yaptı
1978 II International Theriological Congress,Bruna,Çekoslovakya’da Kongre
Yürütme Kurulunda dünyadan seçilen 30 danışman arasına girdi
1976-82 Ek görevli olarak Fırat Üniversitesi,Fen Fakültesi,Elazığ’da çalıştı
1989 Ankara Üniversitesi,Fen Fakültesi,Biyoloji Bölümünden yaş haddi ile
emekli oldu

1942-52 Ateşli Silahlar atış müsabakasında Türkiye Birinciliği aldı,pek çok kez
Türkiye Bayanlar Kayak birincisi oldu,ve iki kez Uluslar arası kayak yarışlarında Türkiye’yi temsil
etti, Türkiye bayanlar tenis birincisi olarak 60 kezden fazla uluslararası yarýþmalarda Türkiye’yi
temsil etti. 1951'deParis’e davet edildi ve Dünya Üçüncüsü oldu. Bunu takiben Londra-Tokyo
arasındaki başşehirlerde yapılacak maçlar için dünyadan seçilen 6 bayan tenisçi arasında yer

Bahtiye Mursaloðlu İngilizce, Almanca ve Fransızca bilmektedir ve bir çocuk annesidir.

İdari Görevler
1967-69 Ankara Üniversitesi Senato üyeliði
1972-85 Türkiye Tabiatý Koruma Derneði Bilim Kurulu Üyeliði
1976-82 Fırat Üniversitesi,Fen Fakültesi Yönetim Kurulu Üyeliği ve
Biyoloji Bölümü Baþkanlığı
1978-85 International Theriological Congress Yürütme Kurulu Danışman
1982-85 Ankara Üniversitesi,Fen Fakültesi Fakülte Kurul Üyeliği ,
Yönetim Kurulu Üyeliği , Biyoloji Bölüm Baþkanlığı Biyoloji
Redaksiyon Komitesi Baþkanlığı
Ankara Üniversitesi,Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Yönetim Kurulu

Mammalogical Society of USA
Türkiye Tabiatı Koruma Derneði
Türk Biyoloji Derneði

1947 “Körfare ile Köstebek nasýl ayýrt edilir” Çiftçi Mecumasý 27:86-88.
1948 “Körfare ile savaþ” Çiftçi Mecumasý 30:174-76.
1955 “Ankara çevresindeki körfarelerin biyolojisi ve bunlarla savaþ usulleri” I-
III 116 Ankara Üniv Basımevi.
1957 “Untersuchungen über Biologie von Messer semirufus Andr. var.
concolar Em. Aus Könersammelnden Ameisen. “Comm. Fac. Sci. Univ.
1958 “Küçük karaciğer Dicrocoeloum dendrtiom’unun hayati devresindeki son ara konakçı karıncalar” Türk Biol Derg 8:77-79.
1961A Syntype of Peromyscus Maniculatus Nebrascensis (Coues). The Biological Society of Washington, . 74:101-104 May 19. ABD
1961 “Geoeraphic variation in the Harvest Mouse, Reithrodontomys
megalotis on the Central Great Plains and in adjacent Regions” Univ of
1963 “Tavşan derilerinin hazırlanmasında yeni bir metod” Sydney Anderson 
J. Mamm 42:409-10 B. Mursaloðlu (Çeviri) Bit. Kor. Bült 3:68-70.
1964 “Occurance of the Monk Seal on the Turkish Coasts” J Mammal 45:
316-18. May 20.
1964 “Türkiye’nin azalan memeli hayvanları” Türk Biol Derg 14:65-70.
1964 “Körfare Spalax kapanlarý” Bit Kor Bült 4:7-17.
1964 “Statistical significance of secondary sexual variation in Citellus citellus (Mammalia:Rodentia) and a new subspecies of Citellus fron Turkey”
Comm Fac Sci Univ Ankara Ser. C. 9:252-273.
1964 “Memeli hayvanlar baþ iskeletlerinin temizleme metodlarýnda
karşılaştırmalı denemeler” Bit Kor Bült 4:116-19.
1965 “Bilimsel araþtýrmalar için omurgalý numunelerinin toplanmasý ve
hazýrlanmasý”Ankara Üniv Basýmevi Hall,E.R. Collecting and preparing study specimens,1962 Mayýs 21 Çeviri
1965 “Geographic variation in Citellus citellus (Mammalia Rodentia) in Turkey Comm Fac Sci Univ Ankara ser C 10:78-109 Aðustos 15.
1968 “Türkiye Araptavþanları, Allactaga’nın sistematik revizyonu” TUBITAK
II. Bilim Kongresi Tebliğ Özetleri s:54.
1970 “Türkiye’de Yaban Hayatı” Türk Tabiat Korum Cem Yay No. 16:1-16.
1971 “Türkiye memeli faunasında yeni kayıtlar” TUBITAK III. Bilim Kongresi Tebliğ Özetleri S 1.
1973 “Türkiye’de Yaban Hayatı ve Sorunları” Türk Tabiat Kor Dern Yay 13:
1973 “Türkiye’nin Yabani Memelileri” TUBITAK IV. Bilim Kongresi Tebliğ
Özetleri s:1-10.
1973 “New Records for Turkish Rodents (Mammalia) Comm Fac Sci Univ
Ankara Ser C. 17:213-19.
1975 “Türkiye Susıçanları (Arvicola) Coðrafik variasyonları” TUBİTAK V.
Bilim Kongresi Tebliğleri s.353-68. Ankara.
1977 “Türkiye Spalax’larýnda (Mammalia :Rodentia) Sistematik Problemler”
TUBİTAK VI. Bilim Kongresi Tebliðleri s:83-92.
1978 “The Taxanomic status and distribution of spalax (Rodentia) in Turkey”
II. International Theriological Congress Abstract. Bruno, Çekoslovakya.
1980 “Kıyılarımızdaki fokların Monachus monachus bugünkü durumları”
TUBITAK VII. Kongre Tebliðleri
1981 “The recent status and distribution of Turkish Furbeares” Worldwide
Furbearer Conference Proc. I:86-94 ABD.
1981 “Türkiye’de Sumaymunu Myocastor coypus kürkü işletmeciliği” Biyol
Kong Tebliğ Özetl Atatürk Üniv Fen Fak Yay s:1.
1981 “Ayı balığında,Monachus monachus, yavru-ana ve çevre ilişkileri” I.
Ulusal Deniz ve Tatlýsu Araþtırmaları Kong Bildiri Özetleri s:40.
1982 “Türkiye Deniz Memelileri” TUBITAK Bilim Kongresi VII: 241-44.
1984 “The Mediterranean seals” Newspot Turkish Digest p.8 Ankara 20
1984 “Monk Seal Conservation in Turkey”WWF MonthlyReport 97-100,May.
1984 “The Survival of Mediterranean Monk Seal,Monachus monachus,pup
on the Turkish coast” Proc of the II. International Conference 5-6
October. La Rochelle, France.Suppl 41-47
1984 “Ege kıyılarındaki son Akdeniz Foklarýnýn Monachus monachus,
yaþama şansları”Ege Denizi ve civarı kıyılarını koruma Simpozyumu
28-29 Kasım İzmir.
1986 “Pup-mother environmental relations in the Mediterranean Monk Seal, 
Monachus monachus (Herman 1779) on Turkish coasts” 3rd International Congress, Helsinki, Abstr. 267.  
1988. How to Save the Monk Seal, Commun. Fac. Sci. Univ. Ankara, Series C. Vol.6, pp.227-233. 
1992. Biology and Distribution of the Mediterranean Monk Seal Monachus monachus on Turkish Coasts, Council of Europe Conservation of the Mediterranean Monk Seal, Technical and Scientific Aspects. Antalya, Turkey. May 1991, pp. 54-57.